tāfele

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See also: tafele and tāfelē

Latvian[edit]

Tāfele
Tāfele

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (dialectal or colloquial form) tāpele

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from German Tafel (blackboard), itself from Middle Low German tavel, tavele, from Old High German tavala, borrowed from Latin tabula (plank, board; tablet). The first occurrences are in 19th-century Latvian literature. (J. Endzelīns preferred the variant tāpele, since it was closer to the original Latin source.)[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

tāfele f (5th declension)

  1. blackboard, chalkboard, whiteboard (rectangular surface normally used for writing for others to read)
    skolas tāfele — school blackboard
    izsaukt pie tāfeles — to call (a student) to the blackboard
    iet pie tāfeles — to go to the blackboard
    rakstīt uz tāfeles — to write on the blackboard
    noslaucīt tāfeli — to erase, to wipe the blackboard (clean)
    pie tāfeles stāvēja Adatiņš un atbildēja latviešu valodu — Adatiņš stood at the blackboard and answered/recited the Latvian language (lesson)
  2. bar (a small portion of food, especially chocolate, in rectangular form)
    šokolādes tāfele — chocolate bar
    Ingeborgas dzimšanas dienas rītā manā “Varoņa” mugursomā blakus mācību līdzekļiem tika ievietota zīdpapīrā ietīta šokolādes “Skaistā Latvija” tāfele; tā bija cienīga dāvana — in the morning of Ingeborga's birthday, a bar of “Skaistā Latvija” (= “Beautiful Latvia”) chocolate, wrapped in silk paper, was placed in my backpack next to the schoolbooks; that was a worthy gift

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “tāfele” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7