tanrı

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Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Turkic teŋri ("god of the blue sky"), from Proto-Turkic *teŋri or Proto-Turkic *taŋrɨ (god; sky, heaven), which, according to the controversial Altaic hypothesis, is possibly from Proto-Altaic *t`aŋgiri (oath, God). According to G. Starostin's interpretation this word is based in a common Altaic religious or juridical term. This proposed etymology presumes that 'sky' in Turkic has a secondary meaning being derived from the primary meaning 'God'. S. Georg proposed a loan in Turkic from Yenisseian *tɨŋgVr- 'high' (see Georg 2001).[1]

The Old Turkic form is recorded by Mahmud al-Kashgari (11th century). The oldest form of the name is recorded in Chinese annals from the 4th century BC, describing the beliefs of the Xiongnu. It takes the form 撑犁 cheng-li, which is understood as a Chinese transcription of the Proto-Turkic form.

The further origin of the word is uncertain. Derivation from words Turkish/Turkic "Tan" (sun rise) "yeri" (place), meaning "place where sun rises", has been also suggested. Also compare Turkish deniz ("lake, sea") and Hungarian tenger; perhaps from the blue expanse.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [tɑnɾɯ]
  • Hyphenation: tan‧rı

Noun[edit]

tanrı (definite accusative tanrıyı, plural tanrılar)

  1. god, deity, divinity
    çoktanrıcılık / çok tanrıcılık - polytheism
    aman tanrım! - oh my god!
  2. monotheistic God, Allah

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sergei Starostin, Vladimir Dybo, Oleg Mudrak (2003), Etymological Dictionary of the Altaic Languages, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers: “*t`aŋgiri”

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]