to-

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English tō-, te- (apart, away), from Proto-Germanic *twiz- (apart, in two), from Proto-Indo-European *dis- (apart, asunder), *dwis- (two-ways, in twain). Cognate with Dutch toe-, te-, German zu-, zer-, Latin dis- (apart). More at dis-.

Prefix[edit]

to-

  1. (no longer productive except dialectally) Prefix meaning "apart", "away", "asunder", "in pieces", or expressing separation, negation, or intensity[1].
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English to (to), from Old English (to). More at to.

Prefix[edit]

to-

  1. (rare, dialectal or no longer productive) Particle ocurring in various words meaning to, toward, at, or on (this).
    today
    tomorrow
    tonight
    together
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Whitney, The Century dictionary and cyclopedia, to-

See also[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *twiz-, from Proto-Indo-European *dwis-. Cognate with Old Frisian ti-, te-, Old Saxon te-, Old High German zi-, zir-, zar-, zur- (German zer-), Gothic 𐌳𐌹𐍃- (dis-), and with Latin dis-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

tō-

  1. (as unstressed te-, ti- or stressed tō-) forming (mainly) verbs from verbs, with a sense of ‘in pieces, apart, asunder’, or with intensive force
    tefeallan, tōfeallan (to fall apart)
    titwǣman, tōtwǣman (to separate)
    tetorfian, tōtorfian (to toss about)
  2. (stressed prefix) used to form substantives from other nouns
    tōtalu (reputation)
    tōsprǣċ (conversation)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The prefix has two basic forms: stressed (tō-) and unstressed (te-, ti-). Originally, the unstressed formed verbs, and the stressed formed other derivatives (nouns, adverbs, etc). This distinction was blurred in later Old English where the stressed form came to be used for both

Old Irish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

to-

  1. to, towards

Usage notes[edit]

Generally appears as do- in pretonic position, thus being merged with di- in that position.

Derived terms[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *tō, *ta (to), from Proto-Indo-European *de, *do (to). A same use of this preposition as a prefix for verbs is found in Old English (to- (to)), Old High German (zuo- (to)), Dutch (toe- (to)), German (zu- (to)) and modern English (particle "to" in "kneel to")

Prefix[edit]

to-

  1. Creates words with a sense of ‘towards, to, against’
    tōdōn (to add ; to close)
    tōheftian (to fix)
    tōhlinon (to lean against)
    tōhnēgian (to neigh towards)
    tōrūnon (to whisper)
    tōsprekan (to speak with, discuss, talk to)
    tōstōtan (to push, thrust)
    tōward (future)
    tōwardes (near)
    tōwardig (near)
    tōwendian (to turn towards)

Derived terms[edit]

Category Old Saxon words prefixed with to- not found