toisensa

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Finnish[edit]

(index to)

Etymology[edit]

toiset (others) + 3rd person possessive suffix -nsa

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: toi‧sen‧sa
  • IPA(key): /ˈtoisensɑ(ʔ)/

Pronoun[edit]

toisensa (plural)

  1. (indefinite) [they ...] each other, one another

Inflection[edit]

  • All the cases, except for the nominative, genitive and illative, have a shortened form (see the usage notes of -nsa). Both the forms are accepted in standard Finnish.
noun case singular plural
nominative toisensa
genitive toistensa
partitive toisiansa
toisiaan
inessive toisissansa
toisissaan
elative toisistansa
toisistaan
illative toisiinsa
adessive toisillansa
toisillaan
ablative toisiltansa
toisiltaan
allative toisillensa
toisilleen
essive toisinansa
toisinaan
translative toisiksensa
toisikseen
instructive (toisinsa)
abessive (toisittansa)
(toisittaan)
comitative (toisinensa)
(toisineen)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Note that the nominative-looking form of this pronoun is the actual accusative form, i.e. it is used as the accusative plural:
He näkivät toisiansa.
They were seeing each other. (nähdä + partitive "to (be) see(ing), meet")
He näkivät toisensa.
They saw each other. (nähdä + accusative "to notice, perceive by seeing")