traks

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *trek-, *trak-, from Proto-Indo-European *terk-, *trek- (to turn), from the stem *ter- (to turn; to rub, to grate (by turning); to drill, to pierce). The meaning probably evolved from “turning, drilling” to “moving quickly” ( > “aggressively”) to “crazy, mad.” Cognates include Lithuanian trãkas (crazy; quick, fast).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

traks (def. trakais, comp. trakāks, sup. vistrakākais; adv. traki)

  1. (of animals) mad, rabid (affected with rabies)
    traks sunsmad dog (i.e., dog with rabies)
    vesels vilks cilvēkam neuzbrūk, taču vilki saslimst ar trakumsērgu un to arī pārnēsā; tādēļ ir gadījumi, kad traki vilki stipri sakoduši cilvēkus — a healthy wolf does not attack a person, but wolves (can) get sick with rabies and transmit it; because of this, there are cases in which mad wolves have severely bitten people
  2. (colloquial) mad, crazy, insane (having mental, psychological problems; behaving as one who has lost his mind; expressing such condition)
    strādā kā traks — (he) works like mad (= very intensively)
    trako kreklsmad ones' shirt (= straitjacket)
    trako māja, trako namsmad ones' house (= psychiatric hospital)
    un, kad viņš apprecējās ar latvieti, tad radi pasludinājuši baronu par traku un ielikuši klīnikā — and, when he got married to a Latvian woman, then (his) relatives declared that the baron was crazy and put him in a clinic
    nepieminiet man Galileju un Kepleru, kungs! tie vīri ir traki! viņi apgalvo, ka zeme griežoties, lai gan mēs katru mirkli jūtam, ka tā stāv kā pienaglota — don't mention Galileo and Kepler to me, sir! these men are crazy! they affirm that the earth turns, although we feel every minute that it stands (= remains motionless) as if nailed
    Edgars nezina, ko iesākt; nāk virsū traka nervozitāte... uztraukts viņš staigā pa dzīvokli — Edgars doesn't know what to say; a crazy nervousness came to him... excitedly he walked around in the appartment
  3. crazy (which acts, behaves, speaks very loud, making noise, being fast, unrestrained; such that it expresses such behavior)
    traka dejacrazy dance
    traka raudāšanacrazy crying
    pēkšņi aprima pat paši trakākie pļāpas un skaļākie ņirgas — suddenly even the craziest talks and loudest gossips were silent
    kaprālis sagatavojās trakākam bļāvienam šovakar; pavēra jau muti — the corporal prepared a crazier yell tonight; he has already opened (his) mouth'
    tas ir tāds traks vecums; līdz astoņpadsmit — that is such a crazy age; until eighteen
  4. crazy (daring, reckless, careless; agressive, turbulent)
    traks braucējscrazy driver
    traks skrējienscrazy race
    traka idejacrazy idea
    tikko pienākušie vīrieši laikam stāstīja agrākajiem par Brīviņu kunga trako braucienu — recently arrived men were maybe telling the early (people) about Mr Brīviņš' crazy trip
    uznāk traka vēlēšanās aplikt roku ap meitenes pleciem, noskūpstīt — there came a crazy desire to put (his) arm around the girl's shoulders, to kiss her
    Zigis savaldīja trako, neiebraukto ķēvi — Zigis restrained the crazy, untamed mare
  5. (colloquial) crazy (very strong, very intense)
    traka ēstgribacrazy appetite
    traka peļņacrazy (= very big) profits
    bija traka vēlme tikai pieskarties, piedurt pirkstu klavierēm — (he) had a crazy desire to touch, to rub (his) fingers on the piano
  6. crazy (very intense, very powerful, having strong effects)
    trakās krāsās izkrāsotas mašīnas — cars painted in crazy colors
  7. crazy (very strong, very powerful, possibly destructive)
    diena bija karsta kā pašā trakākajā jūlijā — the day was hot as in the craziest (= hottest) July
    laiva tuvojās krācēm; vēl brīdi, un viņi būs ierauti trakā virpulī — the boat was approaching the rapids; one more moment, and they would be dragged into the crazy vortex, whirlpool
  8. (in its adverbial form, as an intensifier) crazily; very, very much, terribly
    traki dārgsvery expensive
    traki skaistsvery beautiful
    viņš liekas traki gudrs vīrs, taisni tāds, kā mums vajadzīgs — he seems (to be) a very wise/smart man, exactly what we need
    un tev tik traki gribas aizdot? — do you (really) feel so much like lending (money)?
  9. (in its adverbial form, with būt “to be”) crazy (unexpected; undesirable; unpleasant)
    Krauklis iesaucas: “sieva, nu ir traki: pagalmā bruņoti vīri!” — Krauklis shouted: “wife, now it's crazy: in the yard (there are) armed men!”
  10. (with uz (on; about)) crazy about (liking, wanting something very much)
    traks uz nauducrazy about money
    kaķis traks uz gaļu — the cat (is) crazy about meat

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References[edit]

  1. ^ “traks” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.