English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , from trunke Old French ( tronc “ alms box, tree trunk, headless body ”), from Latin ( truncus “ a stock, lopped tree trunk ”), from ( truncus “ cut off, maimed, mutilated ”). For the verb, compare French , and see tronquer . truncate
Pronunciation [ edit ]
trunk ( plural ) trunks
( heading , biological ) Part of a body.
The (usually single) upright part of a
tree, between the roots and the branches: the tree trunk. The
extended and articulated nose or nasal organ of an elephant. The
proboscis of an insect.
( heading ) A container.
suitcase, usually requiring two persons to lift and with a hinged lid.
1915, George A. Birmingham, , ch.1:
There is an hour or two, after the passengers have embarked, which is disquieting and fussy. Mail bags, so I understand, are being put on board. Stewards, carrying cabin
trunks, swarm in the corridors. A box or chest usually covered with leather, metal, or cloth, or sometimes made of leather, hide, or metal, for holding or transporting clothes or other goods.
( US , Canada , automotive ) The luggage storage compartment of a sedan/ saloon style car.
( heading ) A channel for flow of some kind.
( US , telecommunications ) A circuit between telephone switchboards or other switching equipment. A chute or conduit, or a watertight shaft connecting two or more decks.
A long, large box, pipe, or conductor, made of plank or metal plates, for various uses, as for conveying air to a mine or to a furnace, water to a mill, grain to an elevator, etc.
( archaic ) A long tube through which pellets of clay, pas, etc., are driven by the force of the breath.
James Howell (c.1594–1666)
He shot sugarplums at them out of a
( mining ) A flume or sluice in which ores are separated from the slimes in which they are contained.
( software engineering, jargon ) In software projects under source control: the most current source tree, from which the latest unstable builds (so-called "trunk builds") are compiled. The main line or body of anything.
the trunk of a vein or of an artery, as distinct from the branches
( transport ) A main line in a river, canal, railroad, or highway system.
( architecture ) The part of a pilaster between the base and capital, corresponding to the shaft of a column. A large pipe forming the piston rod of a
steam engine, of sufficient diameter to allow one end of the connecting rod to be attached to the crank, and the other end to pass within the pipe directly to the piston, thus making the engine more compact. Shorts used for swimming (swim trunks).
Synonyms [ edit ]
( luggage storage compartment of a sedan/saloon style car ) : boot ( UK, Aus)
( upright part of a tree ) : tree trunk
( nose of an elephant ) : proboscis
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
large suitcase or chest
트렁크 ( (ko) teureongkeu) Macedonian:
сандак ( m sándak), ковчег ( m kóvčeg) Persian:
صندوق ( (fa) sanduq) Polish:
skrzynia (pl) , f kufer (pl) m Portuguese:
baú (pt) m ( chest ) Russian:
сундук (ru) ( m sundúk) Serbo-Croatian:
сандук , m ковчег , m шкриња f Roman:
sanduk (sh) , m kovčeg (sh) , m škrinja (sh) f Slovak:
kufor , f bedňa , f skriňa f Slovene:
zaboj , m kovček (sl) m Spanish:
baúl (es) m Swedish:
koffert (sv) c Tajik:
( сандуқ sanduq) Ukrainian:
скриня ( f skrýnja), куфер (uk) ( m kúfer)
extended nasal organ of an elephant
luggage storage compartment of a sedan/saloon style car
حقيبة أمتعة ( f ḥaqībat ʾamtiʿa) Belarusian:
багажнік ( m bahážnik) Bulgarian:
багажник (bg) ( m bagážnik) Catalan:
portaequipatge , m maleter m Chinese:
行李箱 ( (zh) xínglǐxiāng) Czech:
kufr (cs) m Dutch:
koffer (nl) , m laadruimte (nl) , m kofferbak (nl) m Finnish:
, tavarasäiliö tavaratila , (fi) takakontti , (fi) , matkatavaratila matkatavarasäiliö French:
coffre (fr) (de voiture) m , m valise (fr) f Georgian:
( საბარგული sabarguli) German:
Kofferraum (de) m Greek:
πορτ-μπαγκάζ ( n port-mpankáz), αποσκευές (el) ( f pl aposkevés) Hungarian:
csomagtartó (hu) Icelandic:
skott n Irish:
búit m Italian:
baule (it) , m bagagliaio (it) m Japanese:
( トランク toranku) Korean:
트렁크 ( (ko) teureongkeu)
Mall f Macedonian:
багажник ( m bagážnik) Maltese:
bagol m Maori:
, tou tou o te waka Mongolian:
( ачаа ačaa) Polish:
bagażnik (pl) m Portuguese:
porta-malas , m porta-bagagem , m mala (pt) f Russian:
багажник (ru) ( m bagážnik) Scottish Gaelic:
ciste-càir f Serbo-Croatian:
пртљажник , m гепек m Roman:
prtljažnik (sh) , m gepek (sh) m Slovak:
kufor , m batožinový priestor m Slovene:
prtljažnik (sl) m Spanish:
baúl m ( Argentina Colombia , Dominican Republic , Eastern Venezuela , El Salvador , Guatemala , Honduras , Panama , Puerto Rico , , ) cajuela f ( Costa Rica Ecuador , México , , ) joroba f ( Costa Rica , ) maleta f ( Chile Venezuelan standard usage , , ) maletera f ( Bolivia Peru , Venezuela , , ) maletero m ( especially Cuba Eastern Bolivia and Spain , , ) valija f ( Uruguay , ) valijera f ( Nicaragua Paraguay , ) Swedish:
baklucka , c bagagelucka , c bagageutrymme (sv) , n skuff (sv) c Ukrainian:
багажник (uk) ( m bahážnyk)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
External links [ edit ]
trunk ( third-person singular simple present , trunks present participle , trunking simple past and past participle ) trunked
( obsolete ) To lop off; to curtail; to truncate.
Out of the
( mining ) To extract (ores) from the slimes in which they are contained, by means of a trunk.