turf

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English turf, torf, from Old English turf (turf, sod, soil, piece of grass covered earth, greensward), from Proto-Germanic *turbaz (turf, lawn), from Proto-Indo-European *dorbh- (tuft, grass). Cognate with Dutch turf (turf), Low German torf (turf), German dialectal Turbe (turf), German Torf (peat, turf), Swedish torf (turf), Icelandic torf (turf), Sanskrit [script?] (darbha, a kind of grass).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

turf (plural turfs or turves or turf)

  1. A layer of earth covered with grass; sod.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, The Celebrity:
      Miss Thorn began digging up the turf with her lofter: it was a painful moment for me. ¶ “You might at least have tried me, Mrs. Cooke,” I said.
  2. A piece of such a layer cut from the soil and used to make a lawn.
  3. (Ireland) A sod of peat used as fuel.
  4. (slang) The territory claimed by a person, gang, etc. as their own.
  5. A racetrack; or the sport of racing horses.

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Verb[edit]

turf (third-person singular simple present turfs, present participle turfing, simple past and past participle turfed)

  1. to create a lawn by laying turfs
  2. (Ultimate Frisbee) To throw a frisbee well short of its intended target, usually causing it to hit the ground within 10 yards of its release.
  3. (business) To fire from a job or dismiss from a task.
    Eight managers were turfed after the merger of the two companies.
  4. (business) To cancel a project or product.
    The company turfed the concept car because the prototype performed poorly.

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Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

turf m (plural turven, diminutive turfje n)

  1. peat.

Anagrams[edit]

Verb[edit]

turf

  1. first-person singular present indicative of turven
  2. imperative of turven