umbra

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See also: umbră

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin umbra (shadow).

Noun[edit]

umbra (plural umbras or umbrae)

  1. A shadow.
  2. (astronomy) The central region of a sunspot.

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin umbra (shadow).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɔmbra/, [ˈɔmb̥ʁɑ]

Noun[edit]

umbra c (singular definite umbraen, not used in plural form)

  1. umber (pigment, colour)
  2. (as an adjective) umber (of a reddish brown colour)

Interlingua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin.

Noun[edit]

umbra (plural umbras)

  1. shadow

Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

umbra f

  1. feminine form of umbro

Noun[edit]

umbra f (plural umbre) (Masculine: umbro)

  1. Female Umbrian; woman native or inhabitant of Umbria

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Generally connected with Lithuanian unksna.[1] If from Old Latin *omra, possibly from a Proto-Indo-European *h₂mr-u-, *h₂mrup-; related to Ancient Greek αμαυρὀς (amauros, dark), Luwian 𒈠𒅈𒉿𒄿𒀀 (rot), and 𒈠𒊒𒉿𒄿 (rotten) (also see Hittite Maraššantiya, their name for the Kızılırmak River), and this IE source said to be a possible borrowing from a Semitic root ✓h-m-r (be red).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

umbra f (genitive umbrae); first declension

  1. a shadow
  2. a shade
  3. a ghost

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative umbra umbrae
genitive umbrae umbrārum
dative umbrae umbrīs
accusative umbram umbrās
ablative umbrā umbrīs
vocative umbra umbrae

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • umbra in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers
  1. ^ de Vaan, Michiel, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, vol. 7, of Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series, Alexander Lubotsky ed., Leiden: Brill, 2008.
  2. ^ Whitehead, The Sound of Indo-European: Phonetics, Phonemics, and Morphophonemics, p. 13

Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

umbra f (singular, nominative/accusative, definite form of umbră)

  1. the shadow