From Germanic, cf. Middle Low German umbe. Borrowed into Proto-Finno-Saamic, cognates include North Saami oppa (“whole; quite a”). Possibly borrowed even earlier into Proto-Finno-Permic, in which case cognates include Komi об (ob, “heavy snowfall”).
- (veterinary medicine) constipation. The expressions olla ummella (to have constipation) and tulla ummelle (to get constipated) may be used of humans, but they are becoming archaic in this sense.
- Deep, untouched snow (with no tracks).
- (figuratively, archaic) An insurmountable obstacle.
- As a former part of compound adjective or adverb, indicates that the quality described by the adjective or adverb is total.
- As a former part of compound noun, normally indicates the state of being closed or internal.
- kysyä ummet ja lammet (+ elative) = to pry into all the (gory) details (about sth), wheedle all the juicy tidbits out (of sth), interrogate thoroughly (on/about sth)
- puhua ummet ja lammet (+ elative) = to give a blow-by-blow narration (of sth), tell the whole story (of sth) down to the last tedious detail; to beat around the bush
- adjectives: umpinainen, umpinen
- adverbs: umpeen, ummessa
- nouns: ummikko, umpio
- verbs: ummistaa, umpeutua