vāks

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See also: vaks

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as the verb vākt (to collect, to gather): Proto-Baltic *vāk-, from Proto-Indo-European *wāk-, *wēk- (to bend, to turn, to weave), from a stem *wā- (to move (away), to move so as to bend, turn). The original meaning of the noun was thus “(something) woven,” from which “(woven) basket,” then “(basket) lid,” and finally “lid, cover.” Cognates include Lithuanian vókas (eyelid; envelope; large woven basket), Old Church Slavonic вѣко (věko), Russian веко (véko, eyelid), dialectal also “eyelashes; basket lid; basket with lid,” Belarusian века (véka, cover, lid), Ukrainian віко (víko, eyelid; lid, cover), Czech víko, Polish wieko.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

vāks m (1st declension)

  1. lid, movable cover (to protect something)
    lādes, šķirsta, čemodāna vāks — box, chest, suitcade lid
    atvāžams vāks — movable lid
    muca ar vāku — barrel with a lid
    motora vāks — motor cover (= hood, bonnet)
    bagāžnieka vāks — trunk lid
    pulksteņa vāks — clock lid
    debesu, debess vāks — the celestial vault (= sky)
    uzlikt kannai vāku — to put a lid on the can, pot
    noņemt, atvērt vāku — to remove, to open the lid
    katlam noņem vākuremove the lid from the pot
    būtu nepieciešams akai iztaisīt jaunu vāku — it would be necessary to make a new lid for the well
  2. book cover
    burtnīcu zilie vāki — the notebook's blue covers
    attēls uz ābeces vāka — a picture from the ABC book cover
    izlasīt no vāka līdz vākam — to read (a book) from cover to cover
  3. (only plural) folder, file (for documents, papers, etc.)
    aktu, dokumentu vāki — paper, document folder
    iesiet, ielikt dokumentus vākos — to put documents in(to) folders

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (of "folder, file"): mape

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “vāks” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.