vēss

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *wēsus, *wēsas, from Proto-Indo-European *wē- (to blow, to breathe) (with an extra element -s), whence also Latvian vējš (wind). Cognates include Lithuanian vėsùs, and possibly Sanskrit वासः (vāsaḥ, smell), Dutch waas (haze, mist; film).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Adjective[edit]

vēss (def. vēsais, comp. vēsāks, sup. visvēsākais; adv. vēsi)

  1. cool, cold (having a moderately low temperature)
    vēss jūras vējšcool sea breeze
    vēsa rasacool dew
    dzert vēsu pienu — to drink cold (lit. cool) milk
    vēss pavasariscool spring
    vēss rītscool morning
    septembris atnāca vēss un lietains — September came cool and rainy
    vēss klimatscool climate
  2. cool, cold (relating to relatively low body temperature, to the feelings caused by relatively low temperature)
    pār muguru skrien vēsas tirpas — over (his) back ran a cool tingling
    Zintrai kļuva vēsi, un viņa piesēdās man tuvāk — Zintra felt cold (lit. cool), and she sat closer to me
  3. (of colors) cool (reflecting the feeling of cold, cool surroundings)
    saulainu telpu var krāsot arī vēsākā, atturīgākā tonī, piemēram, zilganzaļu — a sunny room can be painted also in a cooler, more restrained tone, for example, greenish-blue
  4. (of people, their behavior) cold, cool (not expressing their feelings or thoughts easily; taciturn, reticent)
    vēss smaidscold smile
    vēsa balsscold voice
    vēsas aciscold eyes
    vēsi vārdicold words
    vēsas attiecībascold relations
    jo ilgāk viņa strādāja, jo vēsāka un racionālāka tapa — the longer she worked, the colder and more rational she became

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “vēss” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7