vēsture

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See also: vesture and vēsturē

Latvian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

A 19th-century neologism by A. Kronvalds, derived in 1868 from vēstīt (to herald, to announce) (compare vēsts (news)). Its form was influenced by Ancient Greek ἱστορία (historía, inquiry, examination, research; news; retelling; history); Kronvalds cited a word historija (no longer in use) as a synonym of vēsture. The concept of history had previously been expressed as stāsti (stories), pasaules stāsti (world stories) (compare German Geschichte (stories; history)), and, in the mid-19th century, also with the Russian-derived term istorija (compare история (istórija)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

vēsture f (5th declension)

  1. history (a chain of events, a process seen as evolving in time)
    Zemes ģeoloģiskā vēsture — the Earth's geological history
    pilsētas, novada vēsture — city, regional history
    latviešu kultūras vēsturehistory of Latvian culture
  2. history (the past; past events)
    tas pieder vēsturei — this is (lit. belongs to) history
    mācīties no vēstures — to learn from history
    vēstures fakti — historical facts
    ieiet vēsture — to enter history (= become famous)
  3. history (the science that studies the development of human societies in time)
    vēstures fakultāte, muzejshistory faculty, museum
    vēstures filozofija — philosophy of history
    vēstures avoti — historical sources
    pilsētas vēstures arhīvs — city's historical archive
    studēt mākslas vēsture — to study art history
    seno, senāko laiku vēsture — older times (= ancient) history
    viduslaiku vēsture — middle times (= medieval) history
    jauno, jaunāko laiku vēsture — newer times (= modern) history

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “vēsture” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7