vārds

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See also: värds and vårds

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *wardas, a masculine parallel form to neuter *wardan, from Proto-Indo-European *wordʰo-m, *werdʰo “word,” from the stem *wer- (to talk) with an extra element -dʰo. Note the typical Baltic polysemy between “name” and “word,” since the Proto-Indo-European term for “name,” still conserved in Old Prussian emnes, emmens (< Proto-Indo-European *h₁nómn̥), was lost and replaced by *werdʰo-. Cognates include Lithuanian var̃das, Old Prussian wīrds, wirds, Sudovian ward, Russian врать (vratʹ, to lie), Belarusian вярзці (vjarztsí, s/he lies), Ukrainian верзти (verztý, s/he lies), Proto-Germanic *worda- (Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌳 (waurd), German Wort, English word), Hittite ḫurt- (to load, to charge) (: weriya- “to say”), Sanskrit व्रत (vrata, vow, command), Ancient Greek εἴρω (eirō, to say) (< *weryō), Latin verbum.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

vārds m (1st declension)

  1. name
  2. word

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “vārds” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.