vīle

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See also: vile and vīlē

Latvian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Vīles
Rombveida vīles
Nagu vīle

A borrowing from Middle High German vīle, or Middle Dutch vīle (cf. German Feile, English file). First mentioned in 17th-century sources.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

vīle f (5th declension)

  1. (carpentry tool) file (block of coarse metal attached to a handle, used for removing sharp edges or cutting)
    plakana, apaļa vīle — flat, round file
    rombveida vīle — diamond file
    rupja vīle, rupjvīle — coarse file
    smalka vīle, smalkvīle — smooth, fine file
    skrāpju vīle, skrāpjvīle, skrāpvīle — rasp, grater file
    nagu vīle — nail file
    vīles spalsfile handle
    iecirst vīlei jaunus zobus — to cut new teeth on a file
    vīle jātur ar abām rokām — a file must be held with both hands
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Vīle
Vīle

From the verb vīt (to twist, to wind, to wreathe) (q.v.) +‎ -e (with an extra element -l). The orginial meaning was probably “something (that was) wound” (cf. Lithuanian vielà “wire” < “something wound”), from which also “something sewn.”[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

vīle f (5th declension)

  1. seam, hem (folded back and stitched piece of fabric)
    krekla vīle — shirt hem
    sānu, plecu vīle — side, shoulder seam
    zeķes bez vīles — socks without seam(s)
    vīles kreklam atirušas — the shirt seams have come undone, have unraveled
    iegludināt biksēm vīles — to iron the pants hems
  2. seam-like, line-like projection or fold on clothes, fabric, created by folding or ironing
    armijas bikses ar nažveidīgi asām iegludinājumu vīlēm — army pants with knife-like sharp ironed seams
  3. line-like swelling or injury on the skin, usually a result of a blow or hit; also a line-like scar or wrinkle
    kreisajos deniņos, kur mati bija tālu atkāpusies, ārsts sataustīja cietu rētas vīli — on the left temple, where the hair had receded far, the doctor felt a hard line-like scar
    tiešām, tas bija vecs cilvēks, kurš te sēdēja uz Maijas gultas, tumšās vīlēs sastrādātās rokas klēpī salicis — indeed, it was an old man who sat on Maija's bed, his hands, full of dark line-like bruises from work, placed on (his) lap
  4. (rare) a relatively narrow rectilinear band or stripe formed by surrounding objects
    kas būtu mūsu Latvija bez kokiem, bez birztalām, bez silu zilām vīlēm? — what would our Latvia be without trees, without groves, without the blue stripes of pine forests?
    mēness aiz mākoņiem uzlēcis; lauku ceļu vīles labi saskātamas — the moon rose behind the clouds; the stripes of the field roads (became) clearly visible
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 “vīle” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.