valgs

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Latvian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *walg-, from the o-grade form of Proto-Indo-European *welg- (humid), from the stem *wel- (to press, to squeeze) with an extra g (a parallel form *welk- with k gave rise to Latvian valkans (wet and soft)). The semantic change was probably from “pressed, squeezed (so as to become soft)” > “soft (also from other reasons, e.g. humidity)” > “humid.” Other ablaut forms gave rise to dialectal synonymous forms like velgs and vilgs, as well as the standard term vilgt (to become moist, humid). Cognates include Lithuanian vìlgti (to become wet), vìlgyti, Proto-Slavic *volga (humidity, moisture) (- влага (vlaga), Russian, Bulgarian влага (vlága), Belarusian вільгаць (víl’gac’), Ukrainian волога (volóha), Czech vláha), Old High German wëlk (humid, soft), German welk (faded), Old High German wolkan, German Wolke (cloud), Thracian olgan(o) (humid).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

valgs (def. valgais, comp. valgāks, sup. visvalgākais; adv. valgi)

  1. humid, moist, damp, wet (having absorbed or containing moisture or vapor, being covered by some moisture)
    valgas smiltishumid sand
    valga zemehumid earth
    valgs mālswet clay
    valga loga rūtshumid, wet window pane
    valgas lūpasmoist lips
    valgi matidamp, wet hair
    augsnei, kurā audzē tomātus, jābūt valgai, bet ne slapjai — the soil where one grows tomatoes must be humid, but not wet
    acis no asarām kļūst valgas — (his) eyes become moist with tears
  2. humid, moist (containing more water vapor than usual)
    valga miglahumid fog
    valgs rietumu vējšhumid east wind
    valga vēsmahumid breeze
    gaiss būdā pa nakti kļūst valgs no zemes mitruma — during the night, the air in the hut becomes humid from the humidity of the soil

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References[edit]

  1. ^ “valgs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.