valsts

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Latvian[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From valdīt (to reign, to rule) (*vald-tis > *valstis > valsts; compare dialectal form valdzs). The original meaning was “power, domination”; by the 18th century, this had been changed to “parish, fief, administrative district,” with significant geographic variation well into the 19th century. Only in the 20th century did the current meaning become stable. Cognates include Lithuanian val̃sčius (district, parish, township) (< *vald-tius, dialectal val̃stis), valstýbė (country, state), Proto-Slavic *volstь (possession) from *volsti (to reign, to rule) (Old Church Slavonic власть (vlastĭ, unlimited power), Old East Slavic власть (vlastĭ, power, government; administrative district; parish and its inhabitants), Russian власть (vlast', power; (pl.) authorities)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

valsts f (6th declension)

  1. state, country (a sovereign polity with a government; the territory of this polity)
    demokratiska, monarhiska valsts — democratic, monarchic state
    valsts varastate power
    valsts teritorijacountry (lit. state territory)
    valsts galva — head of state
    valsts pārvaldegovernment (lit. state administration)
    valsts iekšējās lietas — a country's internal affairs
    valsts iestāde — public (lit. state) authority
    valsts budžetsstate budget
    valsts īpašumsstate property
    valsts monopolsstate monopoly
    valsts valoda — official (lit. state) language
    valsts sekretārs, kanclers — secretary, chancellor of state
    valsts drošībastate security
    Baltijas valstis — Baltic countries
    nepievienojušās valstis — developing countries
    Amerikas Savienotās Valstis — United States of America
  2. (biology) kingdom (one of the highest divisions in the classification of living beings)
    augu valsts — plant kingdom
    dzīvnieku valsts — animal kingdom

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “valsts” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.