veļi

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See also: veli and Veli

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *weli̯a-, *weli̯ā-, from Proto-Indo-European *wel- (tear; pluck; rob; hurt; kill). Cognates include Lithuanian vẽlės, vė̃lės (singular vėlė̃, velė̃; compare also veliónis (dead)), Proto-Germanic *wala- (dead) (Old Norse valr (fallen in the battlefield), valhǫll (abode of fallen warriors), valkyrja (Valkyrie) (i.e., those who led the dead warriors to Odin), Old High German wal (battlefield)), Tocharian A wäl (to die), walu (dead one).[1]

Noun[edit]

veļi m (2nd declension)

  1. (mythology, poetic, usually in the plural) soul of the dead; ghost
    veļu valstība, valsts — the realm of the dead
    veļu kults — cult of the dead
    veļu laiks — time of the dead (time in October when the dead return to visit their descendants)
    aiziet veļos — to go to the dead (i.e., to die)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

There is a singular form velis, sporadically attested.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “veļi” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7