vilciens

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Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

From vilk(t) (to pull) +‎ -iens (with k > c palatalization) by analogy with German ziehen (to pull), Zug (train). The sense “train” originated at the end of the 19th century and became frequent in the 20th century, replacing a previous borrowing bānis, from German Bahn (way), Eisenbahn (rainway).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

Vilciens (2)

vilciens m (1st declension)

  1. one-off event of dragging, pulling, drawing, or its result
    otas, zīmuļa, spalvas vilciens — a stroke of a brush, pencil, pen
    gleznotājs glezno plašiem vilcieniem — the painter paints with broad strokes
    rokraksta vilciens — a handwritten stroke (e.g., part of a letter)
    elpas vilciens — one breath (lit. breath stroke)
    dzert gariem vilcieniem — to drink in long gulps
  2. train (line of connected railroad cars pulled by a locomotive)
    braukt ar vilcienu — to travel by train
    tālsatiksmes vilciens — long-distance train
    piepilsētas vilciens — commuter train
    elektriskais vilciens — electric train
    pasta, preču, vilciens — post, goods train
    smagsvara vilciens — heavy freight train
    pasažieru, tūristu vilciens — passenger, tourist train
    vilcienu sarakststrain timetable
    vilciena kupejatrain compartment
    vilciena pavadonistrain attendant
    nokavēt vilcienu — to miss the train
  3. a characteristic feature
    iezīmīgs vilciens rakstnieka prozā — a typical feature in the writer's prose
    mīlestība uz kokiem ir viens no dziļākiem vilcieniem Blaumaņa dvēselē — love of trees is one of the deepest features in Blaumanis' soul

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “vilciens” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7