vilks

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Latvian[edit]

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 Vilks on Latvian Wikipedia

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Vilks

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *wilkas, from Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos, perhaps from a stem *wel, *welh₂ (to tear up; to pluck; to plunder; to kill), whence also vilkt (to drag, to pull) (q.v.). The word would originally have been a descriptive nickname ('the killer, the plunderer, the destroyer'), the original name having perhaps become a taboo word. Note that similarly formed nicknames for “wolf” still occur in modern Latvian: pelēcis (gray one), mežainis (forest one), mežavīrs (forest man), vecbrālis (old brother), etc. Cognates include Lithuanian vil̃kas, Old Prussian wilkis, Proto-Slavic *vьlkъ (Old Church Slavonic влькъ (vlĭkŭ), Russian волк (volk), Belarusian воўк (voŭk), Ukrainian вовк (vovk), dialetal вівк (vivk), Bulgarian вълк (vǎlk), Czech vlk, Slovak vlk, Polish wilk), Gothic 𐍅𐌿𐌻𐍆𐍃 (wulfs), Old English wulf, Old High German wolf, German Wolf, English wolf, Sanskrit वृकः (vṛkaḥ), Ancient Greek λύκος (lúkos) (< *lukʷos < *wĺ̥kʷos), perhaps also Latin lupus.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

vilks m (1st declension)

  1. wolf (esp. Canis lupus)
    pelēkais vilks — gray wolf
    vilka midzeniswolf's lair
    vilku bars — a pack of wolves
    vilks gaudo, kauc — the wolf howls
    vilku kaucieniwolf howls
    medīt vilkus — to hunt wolves
    izsalcis kā vilks — hungry as a wolf

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “vilks” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7