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From vingrs (agile, strong) +‎ -ināt (or perhaps from vingr(ot) (to exercise (intr.)) +‎ -ināt). In its modern sense, this term was introduced by A. Kronvalds in the 1870s; previously, its meaning had been simply “to refresh, to freshen up.”[1]


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  1. 2nd person plural present indicative form of vingrināt

vingrināt tr., 3rd conj., pres. vingrinu, vingrini, vingrina, past vingrināju

  1. to exercise (to make (someone, a body part) stronger, more agile, with physical exercises)
    Rugālis, atmeties gultā virs segas, vingrināja kustībās savas ievainotās kājas pēdu — Rugālis, lying down in bed under the sheets, exercised his wounded feet with (= in) movements
    viņa vingrina vēdera muskuļus, desmit divdesmit reizes tos savelkot un atlaižot — she exercises (her) abdominal muscles, tightening and releasing them ten, twenty times
    tā ir pēdējās kara ziemas vingrināta un asināta spēja — this is an ability exercised (= trained) and sharpened (= honed) in the last winter of war


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  1. ^ “vingrs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7