virsū

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See also: virsu and viršu

Latvian[edit]

Noun[edit]

virsū m

  1. locative singular form of virsus

Adverb[edit]

virsū

  1. on, onto, above the surface (of an object, often in the dative; the sequence "noun-Dative virsū" often works as if virsū were a postposition governing the dative)
    uzlikt, uzkāpt, uzlēkt, uzkrist kam virsū — to put, climb, jump, fall on top of something
    sēdēt akmenim virsū — to sit on top of the stone
    uzlikt jakai virsū mēteli — to put on a coat on top of the jacket
    burtnīcām virsū bija uzliktas grāmatas — books were placed on top of notebooks
  2. used with various verbs, with meaning similar to that of the prefix uz-, but with imperfective, rather than perfective, aspect
    ģērbt mēteli virsū, uzģērbt mēteli — to put a coat on
    brukt virsū, uzbrukt — to attack (someone)
    bāzties virsū, uzbāzties; mākties virsū, uzmākties; plīties virsū, uzplīties — to thrust, to impose oneself (on someone)
  3. used together with the prefix uz-, to reinforce its meaning
    uzdzert ūdeni virsū — to drink up the water
  4. (with verbs of looking) indicates that the subject's gaze is directed straight at the object
    skatīties kādam virsū, skatīties uz kādu, uzskatīties kādu — to examine someone
    mācītājs cieti skatījās pagasta vecākajam virsū — the priest looked attentively at the old parishioner
  5. (with nākt (to come)) to approach gradually, to happen more intensively
    lietus, negaiss, vētra nāk virsū — rain, heavy rain, a storm is coming
    pavasaris nāk virsū — spring is coming
    nāk virsū traka nervozitate — a crazy nervousness is coming, increasing
    reizēm sāpes mocīja tā, ka ģībonis nāca virsū — sometimes the pain was so torturing that fainting came close (= that he came close to fainting)

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]