wage

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English[edit]

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Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Anglo-Norman, from Old Northern French wage, a northern variant of Old French gauge, guage (whence modern French gage), itself (possibly through a Vulgar Latin root *wadium) from Frankish *waddi, wadja (cognate with Old English wedd), from Proto-Germanic *wadjō, *wadją (pledge), from Proto-Indo-European *wadʰ- (to pledge, redeem a pledge). Akin to Old Norse veþja "to pledge", Gothic wadi. Compare also the doublet gage. More at wed. Possible contributory etylomolgy from from the Old English wæge (meaning "weight," as wages at times have been goods or coin measured on a scale).

Noun[edit]

wage (plural wages)

  1. An amount of money paid to a worker for a specified quantity of work, usually expressed on an hourly basis.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English wagen (to pledge), from Anglo-Norman, Old Northern French wagier, a northern variant of Old French guagier (whence modern French gager), itself either from guage or from a derivative of Frankish *waddi, *wadja, possibly through a Vulgar Latin intermediate *wadiare from *wadium.

Verb[edit]

wage (third-person singular simple present wages, present participle waging, simple past and past participle waged)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To wager, bet.
    • Shakespeare
      My life I never held but as a pawn / To wage against thy enemies.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Hakluyt to this entry?)
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To expose oneself to, as a risk; to incur, as a danger; to venture; to hazard.
    • Shakespeare
      too weak to wage an instant trial with the king
    • Shakespeare
      to wake and wage a danger profitless
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To employ for wages; to hire.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book I:
      with the grete goodes we haue goten in these landes by youre yeftes we shalle wage good knyghtes & withstande the kynge Claudas malyce []
    • Holinshed
      abundance of treasure which he had in store, wherewith he might wage soldiers
  4. (transitive) To conduct or carry out (a war or other contest).
    • Dryden
      [He pondered] which of all his sons was fit / To reign and wage immortal war with wit.
    • I. Taylor
      The two are waging war, and the one triumphs by the destruction of the other.
  5. (transitive) To adventure, or lay out, for hire or reward; to hire out.
    • Spenser
      Thou [] must wage thy works for wealth.
  6. (obsolete, law, UK) To give security for the performance of.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)
Usage notes[edit]
  • "Wage" collocates strongly with "war", leading to expressions such as To wage peace, or To wage football implying the inclusion of a large element of conflict in the action.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

wage

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of wagen

German[edit]

Verb[edit]

wage

  1. First-person singular present of wagen.
  2. First-person singular subjunctive I of wagen.
  3. Third-person singular subjunctive I of wagen.
  4. Imperative singular of wagen.

Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Old Norse vágr. More at French vague.

Noun[edit]

wage f (oblique plural wages, nominative singular wage, nominative plural wages)

  1. wave (moving part of a liquid, etc.)

Etymology 2[edit]

see gage

Noun[edit]

wage m (oblique plural wages, nominative singular wages, nominative plural wage)

  1. Alternative form of gage.