Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Classical Nahuatl[edit]



From xihuitl (turquoise) +‎ tōtōtl (bird).



  1. A lovely cotinga.
    • 16C: Bernardino de Sahagún, "Florentine Codex", book 11, chapter 2, paragraph 1
      Xiuhtototl: [...] iuhquj, ixqujch in tzanatl. tenvitztic, tentliltic: in jielpan aiopaltic
      (Lovely cotinga: [...] It is like all the slender-billed grackles. The bill is pointed, black. Its breast is purple, [etc.])
    • 17C: Pedro Calderón de la Barca (Spanish), Bartolomé de Alva (Nahuatl translation), El Gran Teatro del Mundo, f. 2r.
      Motech patlantinemi yn Xiuhtototl, yn tzinytzcan, yn tlauhquechol yn Zaquan.
      (The blue cotinga, the trogon, the roseate spoonbill, and the troupial fly around on you [sc. the earth].)
  2. A lovely cotinga feather.
    • 16C: Bernardino de Sahagún, "Florentine Codex", book 1, chapter 19
      in nepapan ihujtl, in quetzalli, in tzinjtzcan, in tlauhquechol, xiuhtototl, in toztli, çaqua: quauhtli
      (all manner of feathers: the long tail feathers of the resplendent trogon, its red breast feathers, those of the roseate spoonbill, the lovely cotinga, the yellow headed parrot the troupial, the eagle)
    • c1609: Tezozomoc, Chimalpahin, Crónica mexicayotl, f. 24r
      auh yn nepapan yhuitl yhuan amechmacazq̃. yn xiuhtototl yn tlauhquechol yn tzinitzca.
      (And they will also give you the various kinds of feathers—cotinga, spoonbill, trogon)

Derived terms[edit]


  • 2003, Andrews, J. Richard, Workbook for Introduction to Classical Nahuatl, edition rev. ed., Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, page p. 264:
  • 1997, Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin, Domingo Francisco de San Antón Muñón, Codex Chimalpahin, ed. and trans. by Arthur J. O. Anderson and Susan Schroeder, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, page pp. 74–75:
  • 1981, Sahagún, Bernardino de, Florentine Codex, ed. and trans. by Arthur J. O. Anderson and Charles E. Dibble, edition 2nd ed., rev., Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, page part II, p. 42; part XII, p. 21:
  • 2008, Barry D. Sell; Louise M. Burkhart; Elizabeth R. Wright (eds. and trans.), Nahuatl Theater, Volume 3: Spanish Golden Age Drama in Mexican Translation, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, page p. 59: