yazata

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Avestan verbal root 𐬫𐬀𐬰 (yaz-, to worship, to honor, to venerate). The original nominative form is 𐬫𐬀𐬰𐬀𐬙𐬋 (yazatō), pl. 𐬫𐬀𐬰𐬀𐬙𐬂𐬢𐬵𐬋 (yazatåŋhō), reflecting Proto-Iranian *yazatah and pl. *yazatāhah.

From the same root comes Avestan 𐬫𐬀𐬯𐬥𐬀 (yasna, worship, sacrifice, prayer, veneration). A yazata is accordingly "a being worthy of worship" or "a holy being." The word is etymologically related to Sanskrit यजति (yájati, he worships, he sacrifices), यजत (yajatá-, worthy of worship, holy), यजञ (yajñá, sacrifice), and is perhaps also related to Ancient Greek ἅγιος (hágios, devoted to the gods, sacred, holy.).

Avestan 𐬫𐬀𐬰𐬀𐬙𐬀 (yazata) became 𐬫𐬀𐬰𐬀𐬛 (yazad) or 𐬫𐬀𐬰𐬛 (yazd) (pl. 𐬫𐬀𐬰𐬛𐬁𐬥 (yazdān)) in Middle Iranian languages, continuing in New Persian as ایزد (izad).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ya‧za‧ta

Noun[edit]

yazata (plural yazatas)

  1. A divinity, an angel of Zoroastrianism.
  2. An epithet of saints or prophets.