z

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Translingual[edit]

Letter z.svg
Character z
Unicode name LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
Code point U+007A
Unicode block Basic Latin
y [U+0079] [U+007B] {
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

z lower case (upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also[edit]

Symbol[edit]

Wikipedia

z

  1. (metrology) Symbol for the prefix zepto-.
  2. (astronomy) Symbol for the redshift.
  3. (mathematics) Used to denote a real variable when x and y are already in use.
    f \left ( x , y , z \right ) = \sin x + \cos y + \tan z
  4. (mathematics) Used to denote the third coordinate in three-dimensional Cartesian and cylindrical coordinate systems.
    x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = 1
  5. (mathematics) Used to denote a complex variable.
    \left \Vert z \right \Vert = z \cdot \bar z
  6. (statistics) Used to denote a value of a standard normal random variable.
    P[Z > z] = 1 - P[Z < z] = 1 - \Phi(z)
  7. (analytic geometry, classical mechanics) Quantity along the third axis in a three-dimensional system, vertical when applicable.
  8. (chemistry) Symbol for atomic number.
  9. (IPA) voiced alveolar fricative

Derived terms[edit]

Prefix zepto-

See also[edit]

Other representations of Z:


English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter name

Phoneme

Letter[edit]

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the English alphabet, called zed or zee and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Azeri[edit]

Letter[edit]

z lower case (upper case Z)

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Azeri alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

z

  1. from
    Toto víno pochází z Francie. -- This wine comes from France.
  2. out of
    Pět z deseti doktorů doporučuje tuto zubní pastu.
    Five out of ten doctors recommend this toothpaste.

Usage notes[edit]

This preposition is followed by the genitive case.

Synonyms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: y

Egyptian[edit]

Noun[edit]

z
A3
  1. man

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called zo and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

z m, f (invariable)

  1. See under Z

Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation[edit]

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Letter[edit]

Z

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Livonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

z (upper case Z)

  1. The thirty-eighth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Lower Sorbian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ze (used before sibilants and certain consonant clusters)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [z], [s] (before a voiceless consonant)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jьz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs

Preposition[edit]

z (with genitive)

  1. from, out of

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱom

Preposition[edit]

z (with instrumental)

  1. with
    Stej bratš ze sotšu. ― They are brother and sister (lit. ‘brother with sister’).

Malay[edit]

Letter[edit]

z

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Norwegian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /set/, /sɛt/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /s/, /ʃ/

Letter[edit]

z

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Not used in Norwegian, only appears in loanwords from e.g. Slavic.
  • Used interchangeably with s in Internet slang and informal writing.

Polish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronunciation depends on a following word.

  • (isolated) IPA(key): /z/, /s/

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jьz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs

Preposition[edit]

z (+ genitive)

  1. from
    Jestem z Polski. – I'm from Poland.
  2. out of
    jeden z dziesięciu - one out of ten
  3. made of
    motyka z drewna - a hoe made of wood

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱom

Preposition[edit]

z (+ instrumental)

  1. with

Usage notes[edit]

  • As a rule of thumb the preposition z should be changed to ze when the pronunciation of the two consecutive words becomes problematic. Some dictionaries claim that this rule applies to the words starting with one of the following consonants: s, z, ś, ź, ż, rz, sz that are followed by another consonant. [1] Examples include:
    Ten pręt jest z żelaza - This rod is made of iron
    Ten pręt jest ze stali - This rod is made of steel
    Pochodzę z Francji - I come from France
    Pochodzę ze Szwecji - I come from Sweden

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wielki słownik poprawnej polszczyzny. Keyword "z".

Portuguese[edit]

Letter[edit]

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.
    • 2000, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e o Prisioneiro de Azkaban (Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban), Rocco, page 55:
      [...] o gato ronronava feliz nos braços de Hermione.
      [...] the cat was purring happily on Hermione's arms.

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

z (lowercase, capital Z)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Romanian alphabet, written in the Latin script. Representing the phoneme /z/. Preceded by x.

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (uppercase) Z

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

z

  1. (Kajkavian, Chakavian, Croatia) with
    • 1501, Marko Marulić, Judita
      požgat su pritili sela naša stane,
      žene z dicom htili vest u svoje strane,
      inim dati rane, svih smrtno sikući;
    • 1622, Ivan Gundulić, Suze sina razmetnoga
      od svjetlosti zrak otvori,
      i ostaše razlučene,
      z bielim danom noćne sjene:
    • 1927, Dragutin Domjanić, Kaj
      I srce mi greje
      I z menom se smeje
      I v žalosti plače takaj.
  1. (Kajkavian) from, out of
    • 1927, Dragutin Domjanić, Kaj vrt si senja
      Oblaček po nebu
      Si stiha putuje,
      A z trave još samo
      Šćurica se čuje.

Synonyms[edit]

Letter[edit]

z (Cyrillic spelling з)

  1. The 29th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by v and followed by ž.

Skolt Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

z (upper case Z)

  1. The thirty-third letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • zo (see usage notes)

Preposition[edit]

z

  1. from

Usage notes[edit]

  • The zo form is used when the following word starts with the letter z, ž, s, š and certain consonant clusters.

Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia sl

Etymology 1[edit]

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

z

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script. Preceded by v and followed by ž.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (before a voiceless consonant) s

Preposition[edit]

z

  1. (with instrumental) with, by means of, using
  2. (with instrumental) (together) with, in the company of
  3. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Spanish[edit]

Letter name
Phoneme

Letter[edit]

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Spanish alphabet, called zeta and written in the Latin script.

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter name
Phoneme

Letter[edit]

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Swedish alphabet, called säta or zäta and written in the Latin script.

Turkish[edit]

Letter[edit]

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ze and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Turkmen[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ð/, /z/

Letter[edit]

z (upper case Z)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called ze and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]