zelts

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Latvian[edit]

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 Zelts on Latvian Wikipedia

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Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *želtas (gold), itself from *žel-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰel- (yellow; gleam; to shine) or through the later root *ǵʰl̥-tó-m (gold) derived from the same source. (From a variant *gʰel-, *gʷʰel- comes Latvian dzeltens (yellow), which was also the original meaning of the adjectival form of zelts.) Cognates include Lithuanian dialectal želtas (golden, blond), Old Prussian sealtmeno ( [zealtmeno], from *zēltmeno, oriole (“yellow bird”)), Proto-Slavic *zolto (Old Church Slavonic злато (zlato), Russian, Ukrainian золото (zóloto), Belarusian золата (zólata), Bulgarian злато (zlató), Czech zlato, Polish złoto), Sanskrit हरि (hari, to be yellow, green), Proto-Germanic *gulþą (Old Norse gull, Old High German gold, German Gold, Dutch goud, Swedish guld, English gold); compare also Persian زر (zar), Kurdish zêrr[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

Chemical element
Au Previous: platīns (Pt)
Next: dzīvsudrabs (Hg)

zelts m (1st declension)

  1. gold (metallic chemical element, with atomic number 79.)
    tīrradņa zeltsgold nuggets
    zelta rūdagold ore
    zelta hlorīdsgold chloride
    zelta monēta, gredzens, pulkstenis, medaļagold coin, ring, clock, medal
  2. golden (having the color of gold)
    zelta dzeltens, zeltdzeltens golden yellow
    zelta zivtiņagolden fish
  3. golden (very good, top quality, the best of its kind)
    viņš ir zelts, ne cilvēks — he is gold, not a person
    zelta cilvkēsgolden person
    zelta vārdigolden words
    zelta dzīvegolden life
    zelta kāzasgolden anniversary (50th wedding anniversary)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “zelts” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.