zivs

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Zivs on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Zivs
Zivs
Zivs
Zivs

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latvian zivs, dialectal zuvs, zuve, from Proto-Baltic *žuwis, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeu-wi-s, *ǵʰu-wi-s, derived from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰew- (fish) (compare also homonymous Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeu- (to pour), *ǵʰēu-, *ǵʰəu- (to gape)). Cognates include Lithuanian žuvìs (fish), Old Prussian suckis (zukis, fish). Some linguists (e.g., Pokorny) add Ancient Greek ἰχθύς (ikhthús), Old Armenian ձուկն (jukn), and reconstruct Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰdū-, *dʰǵʰu- (fish), which seems less likely.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

zivs f (6th declension)

  1. fish (animal that lives in water, moving with fins and breathing with gills)
    jūras zivis — sea fish
    svaigas zivis — fresh fish
    saldētas zivis — frozen fish
    žāvēt zivis — to dry fish
    zivju dīķifish ponds
    zivju eļļafish oil
    zivju nārstsfish spawning
    plēsīgās zivis — predatory fish
    zivju konservi — canned fish
    zivju ikri, spurasfish eggs, fins
    saldūdens zivis — freshwater fish
    dziļūdens zivis — deep-water fish
    vilkt, zvejot zivis — to catch fish
    zivju rūpniecība — the fish(ing) industry
    zivs ūdenī — like a fish in water (= very comfortable)
    “vai te nav kāda upe tuvumā?” “ir; un tur ir daudz zivju” — “isn't there some river nearby?” “(yes,) there is; and there are a lot of fish there (= in it)”

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “zivs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.