zvaigzne

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See also: zvaigznē

Latvian[edit]

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 Zvaigzne on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Zvaigznes (1)
Zvaigzne (2)

Etymology[edit]

From an older *zvaigzde (via an intermediate form *zvaigzdne), from Proto-Baltic *žvaig-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰweygʷ-, *ǵʰwoygʷ- (shine; to shine), from *ǵʰwey-, *ǵʰey- (to shine) with an extra . Cognates include Lithuanian žvaigždė̃, Proto-Slavic *gvězda (Old Church Slavonic звѣзда (zvězda), Russian, Bulgarian звезда (zvezdá), Belarusian звязда (zvjazdá), Ukrainian звізда (zvizdá), Czech hvězda, Polish gwiazda.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

zvaigzne f (5th declension)

  1. (astronomy) star (celestial body mostly composed of light gases that irradiates light)
    spožas zvaigznes — bright stars
    divkāršā, dvīņu zvaigzne — double, twin star
    vairākkārtīga zvaigzne — multiple star
    primā lieluma zvaigzne — first magnitude star
    rīta, vakara zvaigzne — morning, evening star (i.e., Venus)
    krītoša zvaigzne — falling star
    mūsu zvaigžņu sistēma - Galaktika - izveidojās pirms 10-15 miljardiem gadu — our star system - the Galalxy (= Milky Way) - was formed 10-15 billion years ago
  2. (geometry) star (object, drawing, geometric shape formed by regularly spaced points or protrusions)
    piecstūru zvaigzne — five-point, pentagonal star
    Triju Zvaigžņu ordenis — the Order of the Three Stars
    jūras zvaigzne, jūraszvaigzneeātra starfish (lit. sea star)
  3. (of people) star, celebrity (a famous, outstandingly talented person in a certain area, especially in the performing arts)
    baleta, teātra zvaigzne — ballet, theater star
    kino zvaigzne, kinozvaigzne, filmu zvaigzne — movie star
    sporta zvaigzne — sports star
    vecos laikos nereti gadījās, ka, aizstājot kādu saslimušu premjeru vai primadonnu, pēkšņi uzausa mākslā jauna zvaigzne — in the old days it often happened that a new star dawned in (the performing) arts by replacing a sick actor or prima donna

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “zvaigzne” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7