èssiri

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Sicilian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sum.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛssiɾi/
  • Hyphenation: ès‧si‧ri

Verb[edit]

èssiri

  1. to be

Usage notes[edit]

  • The future tense in Sicilian has fallen into disuse. There are at least two methods to express the future in Sicilian:
    • by using the present indicative, or
    • by using the construction aviri a, which is similar to the have to construction in English.
  • The conditional has also fallen into disuse in Sicilian.
    • The present conditional may be replaced by the present indicative or the imperfect subjunctive.
    • The past conditional may be replaced by the past perfect subjunctive.
  • In the Messinese dialect, the conditional is still in use, and the conjunctive is sometimes replaced by the imperfect indicative, especially in the present tense.
  • See the Wikipedia article on the Sicilian language for more information.

Conjugation[edit]

simple compound
infinitive èssiri, siri aviri statu
past participle statu -
gerund essennu avennu statu
person singular plural
first second third first second third
indicative ju tu iḍḍu/iḍḍa nuiautri vuiautri iḍḍi
present sugnu è, esti, èni, èdi, jèni semu siti sunnu, su'
imperfect era eri era èramu, èrumu èravu, èruvu èranu, èrunu
preterite fui fusti fu fommu, fummu fùstivu, fusti, fustu foru, furu
conditional forra, sarìa forri, saristi forra, sarìa fòrrimu, sarìumu fòrruvu, saristu fòrrunu, sarìunu
compound
tenses
present perfect Use the present tense of aviri plus the past participle
past perfect Use the imperfect tense of aviri plus the past participle
past conditional Use the conditional tense of aviri plus the past participle
subjunctive ju tu iḍḍu/iḍḍa nuiautri vuiautri iḍḍi
present sia si', fussi sia siamu siati sianu
imperfect fussi fussi fussi fùssimu fùssivu fùssiru
compound
tenses
present perfect Use the imperfect subjunctive of aviri plus the past participle
imperative - tu vossìa nuiautri vuiautri -
fussi semu siti