úr

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Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse úr (out of), from Proto-Germanic *uz (out, out of).

Preposition[edit]

úr (+ dative)

  1. out of
    fara úr klæðunumto undress
    draga bát úr neystito pull a boat out of the boathouse
    úr jarni, viði, gulli(made) of iron, wood, wool
  2. from
    drekka úr fløskuto drink from the bottle
    fara úr einum felagto resign from a club
    hann slapp úr oynnihe left the island
    stað úr staðfrom place to place
    úr øllum ættumfrom everywhere
    hann kemur úr Onglandihe comes from England
    umseta úr enskumtranslate from English
  3. off
    í ein útnyrðing úr Føroyumin the northwest off the Faroes

Antonyms[edit]

  • í (in)

Adverb[edit]

úr

  1. in expressions
    hava úr at gerato have much to do
    verða úrto happen

Synonyms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of debated origin. Either: [1]

  1. Borrowed from a Turkic language before the times of the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin (at the turn of the 9th and 10th centuries), from Proto-Turkic *ūŕ (master, craftsman). Compare Karakhanid اُوزْ(ūz, skillful) and Mongolian ур (ur, handicraft, skill, craft) which was probably also borrowed from Turkic.
  2. From Proto-Finno-Ugric *urɜ (man, male).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈuːr]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uːr

Noun[edit]

úr (plural urak)

  1. lord
    Így szól az Úr, Megváltód, Izráelnek Szentje: Én vagyok az Úr, Istened, ki tanítlak hasznosra, és vezetlek oly úton, a melyen járnod kell. — Ézsaiás 48:17
  2. master
  3. gentleman
    Synonym: úriember
  4. Mr, Mr.
  5. husband (only in the possessive)
    Az urammal egy vonatúton ismerkedtünk meg.My husband and I met each other on a train ride.
    Synonym: férjeura

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative úr urak
accusative urat urakat
dative úrnak uraknak
instrumental úrral urakkal
causal-final úrért urakért
translative úrrá urakká
terminative úrig urakig
essive-formal úrként urakként
essive-modal
inessive úrban urakban
superessive úron urakon
adessive úrnál uraknál
illative úrba urakba
sublative úrra urakra
allative úrhoz urakhoz
elative úrból urakból
delative úrról urakról
ablative úrtól uraktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
úré uraké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
úréi urakéi
Possessive forms of úr
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. uram uraim
2nd person sing. urad uraid
3rd person sing. ura urai
1st person plural urunk uraink
2nd person plural uratok uraitok
3rd person plural uruk uraik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words
Expressions

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
  2. ^ Entry #1094 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

úr n (genitive singular úrs, nominative plural úr)

  1. clock
  2. watch
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse úr (out of), from Proto-Germanic *uz (out, out of). More at or-.

Preposition[edit]

úr

  1. out of
  2. from
Derived terms[edit]

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Irish úr, from Old Irish úr (fresh, new), from Proto-Celtic *ɸūros, from Proto-Indo-European *puHrós, which derives from Proto-Indo-European *pewH- (to be clean, pure); see also Latin pūrus.

Adjective[edit]

úr (genitive singular masculine úir, genitive singular feminine úire, plural úra, comparative úire)

  1. fresh; new
  2. free, liberal
  3. moist
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  • An tOileán Úr (the New World, America)
  • úraigh (freshen; scour, cleanse; become moist, damp, verb)

Noun[edit]

úr m (genitive singular úir)

  1. anything fresh or new
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

úr m (genitive singular úra)

  1. (literary) heath
  2. (literary) letter U in Ogham alphabet
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

úr m (genitive singular úir, nominative plural úir)

  1. Alternative form of iúr (yew)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Determiner[edit]

úr

  1. Alternative form of bhur (your pl)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
úr n-úr húr t-úr
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN