þurfan

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Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *þurbaną ‎(to need, to have to), from Proto-Indo-European *terp- ‎(to satisfy). Germanic cognates include Old Frisian *thurva, Old Saxon thurvan, Middle Dutch durven (Dutch durven), Old Norse þurfa (Swedish tarva), Old High German thurfan (German dürfen), Gothic 𐌸𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌱𐌰𐌽 ‎(þaurban). The Indo-European root also led to Ancient Greek τέρπω ‎(térpō), Old Church Slavonic трѣбѣ ‎(trěbě), Russian требовать ‎(trebovatʹ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

þurfan

  1. to need [+genitive]
  2. to be obliged (to do something)

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]