Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: sis, SIS, -sis, sís, šīs, and şiş



From Proto-Baltic *ši-, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱi-, an alteration of *ḱe- (this). (Note that, since Proto-Baltic regularly yields Latvian s, the original form of this pronoun must have been *sis; the initial š is probably the result of extension from other forms, like the masculine genitive singular šā < *syā < *siā.) Cognates include Lithuanian šìs, Old Prussian schis, sis, Old Church Slavonic сь (), Russian сей (sej), Gothic 𐌷𐌹𐌼𐌼𐌰 (himma) (dative), Latin cis (this side of).[1]


Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)


šis (demonstrative, proximal) (distal: tas)

  1. (used as a determiner) this
    šis ūdens ir netīrsthis water is dirty
    šī izrāde bija ļoti interesantathis show was very interesting
    šai miglā es nekā neredzu!in this fog I don't (= can't) see anything!
  2. (used as a pronoun) this, this one
    šis ir zirgsthis is a horse
    šī ir vistathis is a chicken
    šis nekā neatbildējathis one (= person) answered nothing


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “šis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7