ǃ

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See also: ! [U+0021 EXCLAMATION MARK], ¡ [U+00A1 INVERTED EXCLAMATION MARK], and [U+1ECA LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I WITH DOT BELOW]

ǃ U+01C3, ǃ
LATIN LETTER RETROFLEX CLICK
ǂ
[U+01C2]
Latin Extended-B DŽ
[U+01C4]
U+A71D, ꜝ
MODIFIER LETTER RAISED EXCLAMATION MARK

[U+A71C]
Modifier Tone Letters
[U+A71E]

Translingual[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The pipe ⟨ǀ⟩ + subscript dot. Despite the visual similarity in most sources, this letter does not derive from the exclamation mark !.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Usage notes[edit]

Symbol[edit]

ǃ

  1. (IPA) the forward release of an alveolar click.
    (superscript ⟨ꜝ⟩) [ǃ]-coloring or a weak, fleeting or epenthetic [ǃ]-release.
  2. the tenuis velar or sometimes uvular alveolar click, [kǃ] or [qǃ]

Usage notes[edit]

Technically, ⟨ǃ⟩ is only the forward clicked release, not the entire consonant. It is adequate for click sounds without a rear release, such as the clip! clop! of imitating a trotting horse in English. A full transcription of a click consonant requires a second letter to specify whether the rear closure is velar or uvular, and whether the click is voiced or nasal:

Velar Uvular
Voiceless k͜ǃ q͜ǃ
Voiced ɡ͜ǃ ɢ͜ǃ
Nasal ŋ͜ǃ ɴ͜ǃ

The tie bar may be omitted, and the accompanying letter may be superscripted.

If the order is reversed, e.g. ⟨ǃ͜q⟩, that may imply that the velar or uvular release is audible (delayed release).

Derived terms[edit]

Sometimes the release of a ǃ-click may end with the underside of the tongue audibly slapping the bottom of the mouth. This percussive slap is transcribed [¡], and such a slapped click as [ǃ¡] (plus any accompanying letter, e.g. velar nasal [ŋ͜ǃ¡]).

Juǀ'hoan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ǃ

  1. A letter of the Juǀ'hoan alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Khoekhoe[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • The glottalized nasal click IPA(key): /ᵑ̊ǃˀ/

Letter[edit]

ǃ

  1. A letter of the Khoekhoe alphabet, written in the Latin script.