ʾlmʾs

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Middle Persian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Usually derived from Byzantine Greek ἀδάμας (adámas), but the Greek word itself is now considered an oriental loanword. Compare Akkadian 𒋤𒉘 (elmēšu [SUD.ÁG], a valuable stone, perhaps amber). Other Iranian reflexes of the same word: Manichaean Middle Persian ʾrmʾs (ʾrmʾs), Northern Kurdish almas, almast, almaz, elmas, Zazaki almast, almas, elmas.

Noun[edit]

ʾlmʾs (almās)

  1. steel
  2. diamond

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “almās(t)”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 7
  • Skok, Petar (1971), “adàmanat”, in Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian), volume I, Zagreb: JAZU, pages 8–9
  • Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–), “elmas”, in Nişanyan Sözlük
  • Black, Jeremy; George, Andrew; Postgate, Nicholas (1976), “elmēšu(m)”, in A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian, 2nd corrected edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, page 70