Γραικός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain origin. Aristotle wrote that it was an Illyrian word used to describe the Dorian tribes in Epirus, from Graii, an indigenous name of peoples in the coastal region.[1]

In modern scholarship, the name is traced to Γραῖα (Graîa), a city on the coast of Boeotia, a name given to the Greeks by the Romans, where they first met. The city's name itself means "grey", from Proto-Indo-European *ǵerh₂- (to grow old).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

Γραικός (Graikósm (feminine Γραική, neuter Γραικόν); first/second declension

  1. Greek

Declension[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Γραικός (Graikósm (genitive Γραικοῦ); ? declension

  1. Graecus, a character in Greek mythology, said to be a son of Thessalos, the king of Phthia; or else a son of Pandora and Zeus.

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

Γραικός (Graikósm (genitive Γραικοῦ); ? declension

  1. a Graecian, a member of an ancient Boeotian tribe that migrated to Italy.

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aristotle, Μετεωρολογικά, I.xiv
  2. ^ R. S. P. Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill, 2009, p. 267.

Further reading[edit]


Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Hellenistic reborrowing from Latin Graecus, from Ancient Greek Γραικός (Graikós).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɣreˈkos/
  • Hyphenation: Γραι‧κός

Noun[edit]

Γραικός (Graikósm (plural Γραικοί)

  1. (historical) Greek

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used in Byzantium and during Ottoman rule. Although the word has carried a derogatory sense from the roman Graecus, Graeculus, and its occidental descendants, the word was redeemed in the lips of the revolutionary Athanasios Diakos who said before his impalement:
    Εγώ Γραικός γεννήθηκα, Γραικός θε να πεθάνω
    Egó Graikós genníthika, Graikós the na petháno
    I was born a Graecus, I shall die a Graecus.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Γραικός in Λεξικό της κοινής νεοελληνικής [Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek], 1998, by the "Triantafyllidis" Foundation.