Γραικός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain origin. Aristotle wrote that it was an Illyrian word used to describe the Dorian tribes in Epirus, from Graii, an indigenous name of peoples in the coastal region.[1]

In modern scholarship, the name is traced to Γραῖα (Graîa), a city on the coast of Boeotia, a name given to the Greeks by the Romans, where they first met. The city's name itself means "grey", from Proto-Indo-European *ǵerh₂- (to grow old).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ɡrai̯.kós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ɡrɛˈkos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ɣrɛˈkos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ɣreˈkos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ɣreˈkos/
  • Adjective[edit]

    Γραικός (Graikósm (feminine Γραική, neuter Γραικόν); first/second declension

    1. Greek

    Declension[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    Γραικός (Graikósm (genitive Γραικοῦ); ? declension

    1. Graecus, a character in Greek mythology, said to be a son of Thessalos, the king of Phthia; or else a son of Pandora and Zeus.

    Declension[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    Γραικός (Graikósm (genitive Γραικοῦ); ? declension

    1. a Graecian, a member of an ancient Boeotian tribe that migrated to Italy.

    Declension[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Aristotle, Μετεωρολογικά, I.xiv
    2. ^ R. S. P. Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill, 2009, p. 267.

    Further reading[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek Γραικός (Graikós)

    Noun[edit]

    Γραικός (Graikósm (plural Γραικοί)

    1. (obsolete) Greek

    Usage notes[edit]

    Declension[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]

    Related terms[edit]