Κύκλωψ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Superficially decomposes as κύκλος (kúklos, wheel, circle) + ὤψ (ṓps, eye). This is thought to be a folk etymology, with the true etymology in Proto-Indo-European *pḱu-klōps (cattle thief) becoming obscured after the loss of the word *péḱu. Cattle thieves are pervasive in Indo-European mythology; before the folk etymology, the Cyclops would have been a cattle thief of no unusual facial disposition.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ký.klɔːps/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈky.klops/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈky.klops/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈcy.klops/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈci.klops/
  • Noun[edit]

    Κύκλωψ (Kúklōpsm (genitive Κύκλωπος or Κύκλοπος); third declension

    1. a Cyclops

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Paul Thieme, "Etymologische Vexierbilder", Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung 69 (1951): 177-78; Burkert (1982), p. 157; J.P.S. Beekes, Indo-European Etymological Project, s.v. Cyclops.[1]
    • Κύκλωψ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
    • Κύκλωψ in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
    • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[2], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited, page 1,007