Σκλάβος

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See also: σκλάβος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from earlier Σλαβῆνος (Slabênos) (perhaps from a plural Σλαβῆνοι (Slabênoi)), of unclear (disputed) origin.

It may derive from the Greek verb σκυλάω (skuláō), a variant of σκυλεύω (skuleúō, to get the spoils of war)[1] because Slavs were often enslaved.

Alternatively, it may derive from Proto-Slavic *slověne (Slavs”, or perhaps “those who speak meaningfully) (plural; with the singular form *slověninъ derived from that), perhaps via Old Church Slavonic словенинъ (sloveninŭ); compare Old Church Slavonic словѣни, словѣнє (slověni, slověne, Thessalonian Slavs), Old East Slavic словѣне (slověne, Slavs near Novgorod). See *slověninъ for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /sklá.bos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈskla.bos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈskla.βos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈskla.vos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈskla.vos/
  • Noun[edit]

    Σκλᾰ́βος (Sklábosm (genitive Σκλᾰ́βου); second declension

    1. (Byzantine) Slav

    Inflection[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ F. Kluge, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. 2002, siehe «Sklave».