Σπάρτη

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Ancient Greek[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain origin, but possibly from σπάρτον (spárton, rope, cable), from Proto-Indo-European *sper-to, from *sper- (to twist, turn)[1], a reference to the cords laid as the city's foundation boundaries, though this could be folk etymology.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /spár.tɛː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈspar.te/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈspar.ti/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈspar.ti/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈspar.ti/
  • Proper noun[edit]

    Σπᾰ́ρτη (Spártēf (genitive Σπᾰ́ρτης); first declension

    1. Sparta; Sparti, Laconia, Greece

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Room, Adrian, Place Names of the World, 2nd ed., McFarland & Co., 2006.

    Further reading[edit]

    • Σπάρτη in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
    • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited, page 1,025
    • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill

    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek Σπάρτη (Spártē).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • IPA(key): /ˈspaɾti/
    • Hyphenation: Σπάρ‧τη

    Proper noun[edit]

    Σπάρτη (Spártif

    1. Sparta (large town in Laconia in Greece)

    Declension[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Further reading[edit]