ἄγχι

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂enǵʰ- (to tighten) (whence ἄγχω (ánkhō)).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adverb[edit]

ᾰ̓́γχῐ (ánkhi) (comparative ἆσσον, superlative ἄγχιστα or ἄγχιστον)

  1. (Poetic) near
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 5.185:
      ἀλλά τις ἄγχι ἕστηκ’ ἀθανάτων νεφέλῃ εἰλυμένος ὤμους
      allá tis ánkhi héstēk’ athanátōn nephélēi eiluménos ṓmous
      But one of the immortals stands near him, his shoulders wrapped in cloud.
    1. (of time)
    2. like, resembling
      • 522 BCE – 443 BCE, Pindar, Nemean Ode 6.9:
        τεκμαίρει καί νυν Ἀλκιμίδας τὸ συγγενὲς ἰδεῖν ἄγχι καρποφόροις ἀρούραισιν
        tekmaírei kaí nun Alkimídas tò sungenès ideîn ánkhi karpophórois aroúraisin
        Even now Alcimidas gives visible proof that his hereditary qualities are like the fruitful fields.

Usage notes[edit]

ἄγχι frequently takes a noun in the genitive case, in which case the noun usually follows.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ἄγχι in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ἄγχι in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ἄγχι in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • ἄγχι in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • ἄγχι in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ἄγχι in the Diccionario Griego–Español en línea (2006–2021)
  • ἄγχι in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • near idem, page 553.