αὐτός

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Beeeks from a Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew (again) + *to- (that). Risch derives it from αὖ (, back, again, other) +‎ τόν (tón, the).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Pronoun[edit]

αὐτός (autósm, αὐτή f, αὐτό n; first/second declension

  1. 3rd person personal pronoun: he, she, it, they
  2. self: himself, herself, itself, themselves
  3. same

Usage notes[edit]

The intended sense of αὐτός is generally defined by its grammatical context. When used as a lone nominal, it is generally the third person personal pronoun. When appended to a nominal and not possessing the definite article it is "self". When appended to a nominal and possessing the definite article, it is "same".

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • Herbert Weir Smyth (1920) A Greek grammar for colleges. American Book Company.
  • Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, volume 1, page 173
  • Ernst Risch (1937) Wortbildung der homerischen Sprache. Berlin. page 314.