βάρος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *gʷarus, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷréh₂-u-s (heavy). Cognate with Latin gravis, Sanskrit गुरु (gurú), Persian گران (gerân, expensive), Armenian երկան (erkan), Tocharian B krāmärts, krāmär, Old Church Slavonic жрьнꙑ (žrĭny), Russian жёрнов (žórnov), Lithuanian girna, Welsh bryw, Irish bair, Old English cweorn (English quern), Old High German quirn (German Querne)

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /bá.ros/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈba.ros/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈβa.ros/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈva.ros/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈva.ros/
  • Noun[edit]

    βᾰ́ρος (bárosn (genitive βᾰ́ρεος or βᾰ́ρους); third declension

    1. weight, burden, load
    2. grief, sorrow
    3. plenty
    4. dignity, influence, power

    Inflection[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    References[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    βάρος (városn (plural βάρη)

    1. (physics) mass
    2. weight, heaviness
    3. burden, load, cargo
    4. (figuratively) onus

    Declension[edit]

    Related terms[edit]