βάτραχος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Imitative of croaking, but this imitation has probably taken place not in Greek, but the Greek has borrowed from Semitic, compare Hebrew צְפַרְדֵּעַ (ṣəp̄ardḗaʿ), Arabic ضَفْدَع (ḍafdaʿ), considering that in the dialect of Zakynthos the frog is matching the Semitic with σπορδακάς (spordakás) – unless of course one must find that Semitic and Greek have borrowed from an unknown third.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /bá.tra.kʰos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈba.tra.kʰos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈβa.tra.xos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈva.tra.xos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈva.tra.xos/
  • Noun[edit]

    βᾰ́τρᾰχος (bátrakhosm (genitive βᾰτρᾰ́χου); second declension

    1. frog

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Brown, John Pairman (1995) Israel and Hellas (Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft; 231), volume I, Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, page 336
    • Brown, John Pairman (2000) Israel and Hellas (Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft; 276), volume II, Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter, page 60

    Further reading[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek βάτραχος (bátrakhos, frog).

    Noun[edit]

    βάτραχος (vátrachosm (plural βάτραχοι)

    1. frog

    Declension[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Further reading[edit]