γάλα

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Ancient Greek

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Possibly inherited from Proto-Indo-European *gláktn̥ (milk) (compare Latin lac, Old Armenian կաթն (katʻn), Albanian dhallë), earlier *glákt (or, if the Hittite cognate is valid, *gláktr̥), perhaps from a root *glag- +‎ *-tr̥, but the phonetic irregularities, presence of *a, and Mediterranean distribution of this word have cast doubt on its existence in PIE. Instead, it may have been borrowed from an agricultural wanderword related to or descended from Hittite 𒂵𒌨𒋻 (galaktar, soothing substance, nutrient), itself possibly derived from 𒅗𒆷𒀭𒃰𒁺 (galank-, to soothe), from Proto-Indo-European *gleǵʰ- (soft, weak); cf. Bulgarian гле́зя (glézja, to pamper).[1] However, Beekes doubts that there is any connection.[2]

The variant γλάγος (glágos) was contracted from the second oblique stem.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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γᾰ́λᾰ (gálan (genitive γᾰ́λᾰκτος or γᾰ́λᾰκος); third declension

  1. milk
  2. milky sap
  3. the Milky Way galaxy

Usage notes

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γᾰ́λᾰ was sometimes treated as indeclinable.

Inflection

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Greek: γάλα (gála)
  • Mariupol Greek: га́ла (hála)

References

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  1. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008) “kalank-i”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 428
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) “γάλα”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 256:IE *glkt(-)

Further reading

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Greek

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Greek Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia el

Etymology

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From Ancient Greek γάλα (gála), from Proto-Indo-European *glakt-, *galakt-.

Cognate with Mariupol Greek га́ла (hála).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈɣala]
  • Hyphenation: γά‧λα

Noun

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γάλα (gálan (plural γάλατα)

  1. milk
    κατσικίσιο γάλαkatsikísio gálagoat's milk

Declension

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Coordinate terms

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Further reading

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