γαστήρ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Dissimilation of earlier *γράστερ (*gráster, devourer), from γράω (gráō, to eat).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ɡas.tɛ̌ːr/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ɡasˈter/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ɣasˈtir/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ɣasˈtir/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ɣasˈtir/
  • Noun[edit]

    γᾰστήρ (gastḗrf (genitive γᾰστέρος or γᾰστρός); third declension

    1. belly
    2. womb
    3. stomach, appetite

    Usage notes[edit]

    The root of γᾰστήρ (gastḗr) contains an ε (e) between τ (t) and ρ (r) which is often syncopated, leading to alternate forms such as genitive singular γαστέρος (gastéros) and γαστρός (gastrós), dative singular γαστέρι (gastéri) and γαστρί (gastrí), dative plural γαστῆρσι (gastêrsi) and γαστράσι (gastrási). The syncopated form is generally more common in forms with long suffixes, such as the aforementioned. The inflection table below lists the more common forms.

    Inflection[edit]

    References[edit]