γράμμα

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From γράφω (gráphō, I write) +‎ -μα (-ma, result noun suffix). The weight is a Semitic borrowing, with the measure tallied to the stones or pits of small fruits, Jewish Palestinian Aramaic גרוֹם(grūm, kernel), Classical Syriac ܓܪܽܘܡܳܐ(grūmā, bone; kernel, stone, pit), Arabic جَرَام(jarām, date-stone), related to the common גַּרְמָא‎ / ܓܰܪܡܳܐ(garmā, bone; kernel, stone, pit).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

γράμμα (grámman (genitive γράμματος); third declension

  1. that which is written, that which is drawn, picture
  2. letter
  3. (in the plural) alphabet
  4. writing, book
  5. a kind of small weight, scruple

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: γράμμα (grámma)
  • Albanian: gërmë[1]
  • Russian: грамота (gramota)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “gërmoj”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 115

Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek γράμμα (grámma). Morphologically γράφω (gráfo) +‎ -μα (-ma, result noun suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɣra.ma/
  • Hyphenation: γράμ‧μα

Noun[edit]

γράμμα (grámman (plural γράμματα)

  1. letter (written or printed symbol)
  2. (computing) character
  3. (plural) literature, letters
    γράμματα και οι τέχνες.
    Ta grámmata kai oi téchnes.
    Literature and the arts
  4. (plural: informal) education, literacy
    Ξέρεις γράμματα;
    Xéreis grámmata?
    Can you read?
    (literally, “Do you know letters?”)
  5. letter (correspondence)
    • Στο ’πα και στο ξαναλέω
      μη μου γράφεις γράμματα
      γιατί γράμματα δεν ξέρω
      και με πιάνουν κλάματα.
      Sto ’pa kai sto xanaléo
      mi mou gráfeis grámmata
      giatí grámmata den xéro
      kai me piánoun klámata.
      I've told you and I'm telling you again
      don't write me letters
      because I can't read (letters)
      and tears overcome me
      (traditional Greek song)
  6. (plural) tails (of a coin; mainly used in κορώνα ή γράμματα (koróna í grámmata, heads or tails))

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “gërmoj”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 115