γράμμα

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From γράφω (gráphō, I write) +‎ -μα (-ma, result noun suffix). The weight is a Semitic borrowing, with the measure tallied to the stones or pits of small fruits, Jewish Palestinian Aramaic גר֗ום(grūm, kernel), Classical Syriac ܓܪܽܘܡܳܐ(grūmā, bone; kernel, stone, pit), Arabic جَرَام(jarām, date-stone), related to the common גַּרְמָא‎ / ܓܰܪܡܳܐ(garmā, bone; kernel, stone, pit).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

γράμμα (grámman (genitive γράμματος); third declension

  1. that which is written, that which is drawn, picture
  2. letter
  3. (in the plural) alphabet
  4. writing, book
  5. a kind of small weight, scruple

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

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Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek γράμμα (grámma). Morphologically γράφω (gráfo) +‎ -μα (-ma, result noun suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɣra.ma/
  • Hyphenation: γράμ‧μα

Noun[edit]

γράμμα (grámman (plural γράμματα)

  1. letter (written or printed symbol)
  2. (computing) character
  3. (plural) literature, letters
    γράμματα και οι τέχνες.Ta grámmata kai oi téchnes.Literature and the arts
  4. (plural: informal) education, literacy
    Ξέρεις γράμματα;Xéreis grámmata?Can you read? literally: Do you know letters?
    Στο 'πα και στο ξαναλέω/μη μου γράφεις γράμματα/γιατί γράμματα δεν ξέρω/και με πιάνουν κλάματα.
    Sto 'pa kai sto xanaléo/mi mou gráfeis grámmata/giatí grámmata den xéro/kai me piánoun klámata.
    I've told you and I'm telling you again/don't write me letters/because I can't read (letters)/and tears overcome me
        traditional Greek song
  5. letter (correspondence)
    Στο 'πα και στο ξαναλέω/μη μου γράφεις γράμματα/γιατί γράμματα δεν ξέρω/και με πιάνουν κλάματα.
    Sto 'pa kai sto xanaléo/mi mou gráfeis grámmata/giatí grámmata den xéro/kai me piánoun klámata.
    I've told you and I'm telling you again/don't write me letters/because I can't read (letters)/and tears overcome me
        traditional Greek song
  6. (plural) tails (of a coin; mainly used in κορώνα ή γράμματα, "heads or tails")

Declension[edit]

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Related terms[edit]