δάκτυλος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Possibly related to Latin digitus. Probably Pre-Greek. Note Boeotian Greek δακκύλιος (dakkúlios). The sense "date" is probably a folk-etymological alteration of a word from a Semitic source such as Arabic دَقَل (daqal, variety of date palm) or Hebrew דֶּקֶל (deqel, date palm).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /dák.ty.los/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈdak.ty.los/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈðak.ty.los/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈðak.ty.los/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈðak.ti.los/
  • Noun[edit]

    δᾰ́κτῠλος (dáktulosm (genitive δᾰκτῠ́λου); second declension

    1. finger
      1. toe
    2. measure of length, the breadth of a finger, about 7/10 of an inch
      1. dactyl, a metrical foot
      2. (in the plural) a dance
    3. date (fruit)
      1. type of grape

    Declension[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Further reading[edit]