δεσπότης

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An original phrase from Proto-Indo-European *déms pótis (master of the house), from *dṓm (house), whence also Ancient Greek δόμος (dómos, house); and *pótis (master), whence also Ancient Greek πόσις (pósis, husband); with an ending influenced by -της (-tēs, masculine adjectival suffix). Cognate with Sanskrit दम्पति (dám-pati, lord of the house).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

δεσπότης (despótēsm (genitive δεσπότου); first declension

  1. master, lord (most commonly in the context of one who owns slaves)
  2. ruler, despot
  3. generally: owner

Inflection[edit]

Accusative singular in the Ionic dialect is sometimes δεσπότεα (despótea).

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Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek δεσπότης (despótēs).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ðesˈpotis/
  • Hyphenation: δε‧σπό‧της

Noun[edit]

δεσπότης (despótism (plural δεσπότες)

  1. despot, tyrant (ruler with absolute power)
    Όταν πήρε εξουσία, ονόμασε τον εαυτό του δεσπότη.Ótan píre exousía, onómase ton eaftó tou despóti.When he took power, he named himself as despot.
  2. (religion) bishop
    Την ευλογία σου, δέσποτα!Tin evlogía sou, déspota!Your blessing, please, Bishop!
  3. (religion) Lord (term of address for God)
    Ευλόγησον, δέσποτα!Evlógison, déspota!Bless us, O Lord!
  4. (historical) despot (title of a Byzantine regional ruler)
  5. master, ruler

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