δεύτερος

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ancient Greek ordinal numbers
 <  αʹ βʹ γʹ  > 
    Cardinal : δύο(dúo)
    Ordinal : δεύτερος(deúteros)
    Adverbial : δίς(dís)

Uncertain. Traditionally viewed as a δύο(dúo, two) + -τερος(-teros, comparative suffix), but possibly from Proto-Indo-European *dews-, the root of δεύομαι(deúomai, to be inferior).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Numeral[edit]

δεύτερος ‎(deúteros)

  1. (ordinal) second of two
    1. conjoined with εἷς(heîs) or other numerals: another, a second
  2. (of things set in order) second, next, another
    1. (modifying a noun of time) after [+genitive = something], next
    2. (connected with ranking) next best [+ μετά (accusative) = after something or someone]
    3. (of quality) inferior
    4. less important, secondary [+genitive = than, to something or someone]
    5. δεύτερος οὐδενός(deúteros oudenós): second to none

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Adjective[edit]

δεύτερος ‎(défterosm ‎(feminine δεύτερη, neuter δεύτερο)

  1. (ordinal) second
    Ήρθε δεύτερος στο Μαραθώνιο.‎ ― Írthe défteros sto Marathónio. ― He came second in the marathon.
  2. inferior, seconds
    δεύτερης ποιότητας‎ ― défteris poiótitas ― inferior quality

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]
  • There are alternative learned forms:
    δευτέρου(deftérou) (masculine and neuter, genitive singular)
    δευτέρα(deftéra) (feminine, nominative, accusative and vocative singular)
    δευτέρας(deftéras) (feminine, genitive singular)
    δευτέρων(deftéron) (all genders, genitive plural)

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]