διάνοια

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

δια- (dia-) +‎ νόος (nóos) +‎ -ια (-ia). Compare διανοέομαι (dianoéomai).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

δῐᾰ́νοιᾰ (diánoiaf (genitive δῐᾰνοίᾱς); first declension (Attic, Ionic, Koine Greek)

  1. intention, purpose
    • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 1.46.2
      μετὰ ὦν τὴν διάνοιαν ταύτην αὐτίκα ἀπεπειρᾶτο τῶν μαντείων τῶν τε ἐν Ἕλλησι καὶ τοῦ ἐν Λιβύῃ, διαπέμψας ἄλλους ἄλλῃ, τοὺς μὲν ἐς Δελφοὺς ἰέναι, τοὺς δὲ ἐς Ἄβας τὰς Φωκέων, τοὺς δὲ ἐς Δωδώνην
      metà ôn tḕn diánoian taútēn autíka apepeirâto tôn manteíōn tôn te en Héllēsi kaì toû en Libúēi, diapémpsas állous állēi, toùs mèn es Delphoùs iénai, toùs dè es Ábas tàs Phōkéōn, toùs dè es Dōdṓnēn
  2. process of thinking
    • 360 BCE, Plato, The Sophist 263e
      οὐκοῦν διάνοια μὲν καὶ λόγος ταὐτόν: πλὴν ὁ μὲν ἐντὸς τῆς ψυχῆς πρὸς αὑτὴν διάλογος ἄνευ φωνῆς γιγνόμενος τοῦτ’ αὐτὸ ἡμῖν ἐπωνομάσθη, διάνοια;
      oukoûn diánoia mèn kaì lógos tautón: plḕn ho mèn entòs tês psukhês pròs hautḕn diálogos áneu phōnês gignómenos toût’ autò hēmîn epōnomásthē, diánoia?
  3. capacity of thought: intelligence, understanding
    • 380 BCE, Plato, The Republic 511d
      διάνοιαν δὲ καλεῖν μοι δοκεῖς τὴν τῶν γεωμετρικῶν τε καὶ τὴν τῶν τοιούτων ἕξιν ἀλλ’ οὐ νοῦν, ὡς μεταξύ τι δόξης τε καὶ νοῦ τὴν διάνοιαν οὖσαν.
      diánoian dè kaleîn moi dokeîs tḕn tôn geōmetrikôn te kaì tḕn tôn toioútōn héxin all’ ou noûn, hōs metaxú ti dóxēs te kaì noû tḕn diánoian oûsan.
      You seem to call the habit of geometers and others like them understanding and not reason, as understanding is something intermediate between reason and opinion.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]