θυμός

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See also: θύμος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *tʰūmós, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰuh₂mós (smoke). Cognates include Sanskrit धूम (dhūmá), Lithuanian dūmas, Latin fūmus, and Old Church Slavonic дꙑмъ (dymŭ).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /tʰyː.mós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /tʰyˈmos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /θyˈmos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /θyˈmos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /θiˈmos/
  • Noun[edit]

    θῡμός (thūmósm (genitive θῡμοῦ); second declension (Epic, Attic, Ionic, Doric, Aeolic, Koine)

    1. soul, as the seat of emotion, feeling, and thought
    2. soul, life, breath
    3. soul, heart
    4. desire, will
    5. temper, passion, disposition
    6. anger, rage, wrath
    7. heart, love
    8. thought, mind

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek θυμός (thumós), from Proto-Hellenic *tʰūmós, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰuh₂mós (smoke).

    Noun[edit]

    θυμός (thymósm (plural θυμοί)

    1. anger, rage

    Declension[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]